Play South Korea’s Casinos Online, But Not The Dubious Ones

The gambling and casino scene in South Korea is well organized and well structured, based throughout the major cities. South Korea casinos are quite popular too. As per the statistics of 2009, Korea casinos were the seventh largest casino market in the world with a revenue equivalent to US$2.4 billion.

The growth of casino culture in Korea is a result of phenomenal increase in Korea tourism during the last decade. It is quite likely casinos contributed substantially to the upswing in tourism in this highly urbanized East Asian country.

Interestingly, gambling in Korea was restricted to placing bets on horses till 2000. However, within a short time, the scenario underwent a sweeping change when the country lifted the ban on gambling, paving the way for more than 20 casinos to emerge scattered across the entire country. Online casinos nevertheless had to struggle to make their presence felt in this country as the government was reluctant to allow land-based casinos to operate on the Internet. The situation seems to have changed now with more than 130 online casinos operating in Korea, a clear fact that the online gambling fad has also bitten this country’s populace.

If you are playing Korea casinos online or, for that matter, any game play that accepts bets online, a well-researched review is something you cannot do without. Here are a few tips that will help you find a dependable site that will provide quality entertainment and also a great gaming experience.

Try To Get Answers To The Following Questions:

* Is the casino licensed in a trusted jurisdiction?

* Is the online site operated by a reputable Korea casinos software provider?

* Does the casino offer fair payout percentages and returns to players?

* Is the casino offering a good casino bonus with fair betting requirements?

* Has the online casino a fair selection of games to choose from with a variety in each category, such as Progressives, Slots, Video Slots, Poker, and Blackjack to name a few?

Even if you feel confident enough that you have done thorough research, nothing beats evaluating the system on your own. Remember, rogue online casinos exist in Korea, too, as elsewhere in the world. Rogue casinos do not credit due bonuses you earn, delay or default in crediting withdrawals, and sometime don’t make payments. Weeding out the dicey ones from among the numerous positive sites spread on the Internet, though not easy, can be done. Just look out for the following:

* See if the site provides the name of the owner with an address. If it does not, then exit the site in a jiffy and for good.

* If the owner is mentioned, find out if the company is listed on the native stock exchange and if it offers gaming online too. If the answer is yes to both the questions, then you are in the safe zone.

Go ahead and play in online casinos. Just make sure the one you choose from among the various South Korea casinos is reputable and has passed all the stringent checks made by the best reviewers-and most importantly by you.

Frequency Filters And Pick 3 Lottery and Pick 4 Lottery Games

If you are a Pick 3 lottery or Pick 4 lottery player, have you noticed how helpful your local State Lottery Official Websites have become by offering free information to help players find winning numbers? Some Official State Lottery sites are offering software capabilities to allow players find lucky lottery numbers to play. A recent web surfing adventure took me to the Official Delaware Lottery Website. This lottery website offers lottery players an ongoing updated frequency list of Pick 3 digits and Pick 4 digits that have been drawn. This frequency list is updated automatically after each drawing. The frequency filter based on the history of all drawn lottery numbers in each lottery game indicates to the players which of the ten digits – 0 to 9 – have been drawn the most times and the least times, and ranks all ten digits from most drawn to least drawn by actual number of drawings and the related percentages.

This frequency filter is used by Pick 3 systems and Pick 4 systems, particularly in software programs, to assist lottery players to produce the most effective list of potential numbers to play and win. By knowing that certain digits are drawn more than others lead to the belief that these more potent digits will increase one’s chances to win by playing these better performing digits. Mathematicians using the typical bell curve analysis suggest that in time all numbers, except in the case a technical bias created with a particular drawing system, should be drawn an equal amount of times. Generally, the overall number spread in random drawings is very small in the big picture of total draws. What is the real significance of the percentage of.003663 between the most drawn digit and the least drawn digit as in the case of the Delaware Play 3 game based on 186/50,778 drawings? It is similar to an 80 year old man saying to a 35 year old man, “In the history of mankind, we are about the same age.” The actual percentage by count is 10.1816% for the most drawn digit and 9.8153% for the least drawn digit.

Can a barely noticeable blip on the radar screen of positive numbers really make any real significance for the lottery player in choosing to play one digit over another? The Delaware Play 4 frequency chart wasn’t much different. It produced a.003246 difference between the most drawn digit and the least drawn digit out of a total number of 61,300 drawings. Based on this presented data found on the Official Delaware State Lottery website, are the resultant percentage differences of the digits significant enough to create a real choice for lottery players? Can frequency charts in general make any difference at all when using the total number of drawings from day one of the particular lottery game, either Pick 3 lottery or Pick 4 lottery, when the difference is reduced as low as three one thousandth of a percent of the total drawings?

Like looking for a needle in a haystack, splitting hairs as thin as these numbers suggest, choosing one digit over another, particularly in the middle range of the bell curve, makes it even more of an impossible task for even the most dedicated and committed lottery players who are willing to spend time in their research to find the next winning Pick 3 number or Pick 4 number to play.

Online Casino Types

Online Casinos are very popular and lot of people are playing and gambling. Online casinos can be divided into three groups based on their interface: web-based casinos, download-based casinos, and more recently live casinos. Some casinos offer multiple interfaces.

Web-based Casinos

Web-based online casinos are different websites where gamblers/users can play casino games such as online Bingo, Black Jack, Baccarat, Poker and many more. They do not need to download any software to their computer. The games are represented in the owner’s browser plug-ins Macromedia Flash, Macromedia Shockwave, or Java. Also, bandwidth is needed in order to play the sounds, the images and animations. Web-based are the most popular.

Download-based online casinos

Download-based online casinos require the user to have a computer in order to download the online casino software for him to play the games and gamble on the online casino. The online casino software connects directly to the casino service provider without browser support. This type of online casino runs much faster than the typical online web-based casino since all animation and sound programs are already located within the software itself. The only drawback to download-based online casinos is the time it takes to download on your computer and there may be a risk of malware and spyware as well.

Live-based casinos

Live-based casinos are the top notch of online casino. It allows you to directly interface with a real world/live casino just as if you were in it. The player can interact live with other players and live dealers at tables via a real time web window, whether he is playing Poker, Baccarat or Poker.

With these different interfaces, the client has the choice to choose what best suits him and have fun all night long. All online casinos will offer the customer different games, below is a list of the most popular ones.

Cards Games

  • Asian stud
  • Baccarat
  • Blackjack
  • Casino war
  • Caribbean Stud Poker
  • Chinese poker
  • Faro
  • Four card poker
  • Let It Ride
  • Mambo stud
  • Pai gow poker
  • Red Dog
  • Spanish 21
  • Texas Hold’em Bonus Poker
  • Three card poker
  • Two-up
  • Dice / Tiles

  • Craps
  • Pai Gow
  • Sic bo
  • Chuck-a-luck
  • Random numbers

  • Big Six wheel
  • Roulette
  • Bingo
  • Keno
  • Gaming machines

  • Slot machine
  • Video Lottery Terminal
  • Video poker
  • Online casino games provide to the player a long-term advantage to the real casino. With an online casino, the player has the illusion of being in control, giving him the opportunity to make choices.

    There are different online casino games which are exactly the same as a “house”casino.

    Table games

    This type of game is played on a big table which is covered with a printed felt layout and may contain seating positions for players. There is a dealer located on one side of the table and the players located on the other side of the table. Generally table games are played with dice, cards and other gaming tools.

    Gaming machines

    The Gaming machines are the slot machines, and are played by only one player at a time and do not require the involvement of casino employees to play, this is why slots machines are a really popular online casino game.

    Random number games

    Random number games such as the Roulette or Bingo are based upon the choice of random numbers, either from a computerized generator or from other gaming tool.

    Understanding The Basics of Video Poker

    Video poker consists of several versions of 5 card draw poker and is played in land based and online casinos. In casinos it is played on a console and looks similar to a slot machine. Video poker is known to have good odds and can be played for hours for a relatively small investment. It is the perfect game for players who like a game of skill and the potential for large payouts combined with a low house edge. Video poker is similar to slot machines in that the player sits alone at a machine and can play at their own speed. Many slot players are intimidated by table games. These payers may not like when other players are critical of their strategies or speed.

    Video poker began showing up in casinos in the 1970’s. This is around the same time as video games became popular. The combination of software and hardware that had been developed for video games was being adapted to build video poker machines. Video poker has become more advanced over the years and its popularity has grown.

    There are now many variations of video poker. On some game consoles you can choose between several versions of video poker. Deuces wild, Jacks or Better, Bonus Poker, Double Bonus and multi-hand are the most popular. Each game pays out at different rates for winning hands. Payout tables list the payout rates for winning hands. These rates are posted at the beginning of each game and are not universal. They will vary from version to version as well as from machine to machine.

    Most machines will allow the player to choose to play between one and five credits. Many times the largest payout, the royal flush, will pay a disproportionately high amount when the maximum amounts of coins are played. Some machines will also pay progressive jackpots for the maximum payout, so be careful to get the most value for your wager. Video poker is known as one of the highest paying games in the casino but this is only true when the payout table runs high. It is important to familiarize yourself with what are high payout rates and what are low payout rates. In traditional casinos the game can be funded using either cash or bar coded payout tickets from other casino games.

    Once the game is funded play begins when the player places a bet of one or more credits and presses the deal button. Five cards are then dealt. The player has the option of discarding any or all of their cards and receiving new ones. The game will then pay out on winning hands based on the posted pay out table. Video poker shares the same hand rankings with the table version of the game. It is one of the few games where the player can gain a statistical advantage over the casino. By looking for the highest paying payout tables and playing perfect strategy a player can gain a slight advantage. When match bonuses are factored in at online casinos the advantage can actually become substantial.

    Different Types of Card Games

    There are limitless types of card games to be played. People think because two games use the same deck of 52-cards that they are similar games, but nothing could be more different than Barbu and Speed, or Pai Gow and Pinochle.

    Here’s a list of twenty different kinds of card games, and some facts about them.

    1.Bridge

    Bridge is a popular contract bidding game. Bridge has a culture — there are websites, newspaper columns, and even radio shows devoted to bridge strategy. There is a world-wide obsession with bridge, even though it has been called the hardest card game in the world. With a complicated strategy and steep learning curve, to many bridge is not just a game, it is a lifestyle. I wish I were exaggerating.

    2. Whist

    Whist could be called “Bridge, Jr” — and though it is not as big a game as it once was, and is dwarfed in popularity by big-brother Bridge, Whist has never really died out. Card gamers love trick-taking games — beating out your opponent in such a visual way is one of the more exciting part of any card game. Whist has some of the complexity of Bridge without any bidding.

    3. Texas Hold’em

    Texas Hold’em is something of a legend — a poker variation with a story as rich as a Spaghetti western. This version of poker, a drawing and betting game, was invented and then made popular by old time poker sharks in Texas, hence the name. This is easily the most popular poker variant right now, and is bringing more new people to card gaming than any other game.

    4. Hearts

    It is said that most of the professional poker tour players are hardcore Hearts players and that they bet big money on cutthroat games of Hearts in dark mysterious rooms during tournaments. Romantic as that may sound, it would make sense for these card sharks to love the game of Hearts – an otherwise childlike game of matching cards (and no bidding) usually turns into a competitive nightmare. Because of the game play, there are lots of ways to screw your opponents in Hearts. Trick-winning and passing card are big elements of Hearts.

    5. Spades

    People don’t realize it, but spades is a variation of bridge that simplifies the game even more than Whist and changes the outcome of the game as well. Spades is really popular in large groups, on college campuses, and in tournaments around the world. There may be as many variations of Spades as there are groups playing it — thanks to “jailhouse rules” which penalize tactics like point sandbagging and the existence of multiple versions of “house rules”. A strategic game you can play without paying much attention if you want.

    6. Go-fish

    This is the simple children’s card matching game we all remember from our childhood. You can play Go-fish with as many players as you have cards. Some people claim Go-Fish is a variation of Rummy but the simplicity of the game and the children’s game gimmick make it likely just some toy company’s creation. Strangely enough, Go-fish is known as Literature in some parts of the world. Write in if you understand that one.

    7. War

    Another children’s game (or time-killing game) War is a straight luck based game. Depending on the flop of the card, you either win or lose a war. Most people under the age of 30 learned War before they learned any other card game. You’ll see War played a lot in lines at airports.

    8. Oh Hell!

    Substitute your own dirty word for “Hell!” and you know this party game. Most of the fun is the fact that you get to cuss a lot and people laugh at you. What keeps this game popular is that it is a strict betting game. The object of Oh Hell! is to bid the precise number of tricks you will win. You have to take only the number that you bid, no more and no less. Play is precise, and because of the structure of the game, one player always blows it big time. There. That’s what’s fun. Screwing your opponent.

    9. Blackjack

    A skill game that in some casinos is the best bet you can make, if you can play a perfect hand. This is one of the most popular casino card game, and has a place in popular culture as THE “Vegas” game. The point is to build a hand that adds up to a total of 21 points without going over, and ending up with a higher number than the dealer. Players compete against the House directly, adding to the fun. Little known fact — there exists somewhere in this world a blackjack player’s hall of fame. Safe to say that this game’s got a cult following

    10. Baccarat

    James Bond’s favorite game (don’t believe the hype — it wasn’t poker or blackjack — read the books) Baccarat is a basic betting game. Players bet on who will win a given hand – the player, the banker, or if there will be a tie. Sure it looks easy, but Baccarat is a skill game. A small sidenote about Baccarat — the name comes from the name of the worst possible hand. This would be like calling your video poker machine “High Card Poker”. Just doesn’t have the same ring as “Royal Flush”.

    11. Solitaire

    The most varied card game in the world. In England, they call this game Patience, and for good reason. Solitaire requires little set up beyond putting cards in specific places, and is usually played by yourself. Solitaire is another popular airport line waiting game.

    12. Rummy and variations

    There are lots of different kinds of Rummy, more than are probably written down on any list. I’ve written for a website that had me list 500 variations or other names for Rummy, so I’ll spare you the reading and just say there’s lots of kinds of Rummy. The more popular versions are called Gin Rummy, Liverpool Rummy, and Contract Rummy. The feature that makes a game a Rummy is a player matching identical cards into pairs and other groups. Some experts believe the Chinese game of Mahjong is part of the Rummy family, though I’d bet the Chinese are just fine with Mahjong as it is.

    13. Pai Gow

    This is an old Chinese domino game that has been passed down through the years as a poker variation. You’ll see Pai Gow at casinos in both as a poker and a domino game — it is probably the casino game that the least number of people understand. This is a game of fast bets, player versus dealer. Pai Gow strategy is just as rich as any other poker betting game, and the culture of Pai Gow is similar to the Blackjack culture — super-fast bets and edgy behavior at the margins.

    14. Spoons

    A silly card game probably invented to keep kids out of trouble, Spoons is a bluffing game (with some elements of matching) that uses simple kitchen utensils as an added play element. The first player in the group to draw a poker style four of a kind reaches to a pile of spoons in the middle of the table, signalling the other players to grab for one. Since there’s one less spoon than players, one player will be left out every time. So its a social interaction game, and not a game chock full of card strategy. its still fun. Great date night game.

    15. Speed

    Speed (sometimes called Spit) is a matching game that is unique because both players play simultaneously and as fast as they can. In Speed, a player tries to ‘get rid’ of his or her cards by matching them to cards placed face-up on the table. This is a face to face game, though there’s actually little interaction between the two opponents. The last few moments of any game of Speed reminds me of solitaire on fast-forward, with hands and cards flying around and rows forming and draining like water pipes. Strange game, Speed.

    16. Crazy 8s

    This is another children’s matching game, you could say it is cousin to the popular game Uno. The 8s in the deck of standard cards are considered “crazy” not because they need to be medicated but to indicate they are wild cards. In some variations of Crazy 8s, not just Wild Cards but other “rule cards” exist, making the game more complex for older players.

    17. Slapjack

    If you want to teach more complex card games to younger kids, Slapjack is the perfect vehicle. The object of Slapjack is to acquire the whole deck of cards by matching and slapping pairs. Kids like to slap stuff, and the game can be played over and over again.

    18. Old Maid

    You don’t need an “Old Maid” deck to play this kid’s card game — any standard 52 card deck will do. Just remove one of the Queens. Old Maid is a matching game where players find pairs You trade cards with your opponent until that player is left with the unmatched Queen. Matching games are popular, and the novelty “Old Maid” packs are fun for kids.

    19. Cribbage

    This is a hybrid board and card game with complicated rules that generally intimidates people, even hardcore card gamers. You play cribbage by forming groups of cards that are worth different point values, and moving a peg on a board that represents your progress accordingly. Requiring a specific board (or a quick hand with a pen and paper) cribbage isn’t the best travel game, but as fans of cribbage will tell you, no two games are alike. There are solitaire versions of cribbage, and other varieties of cribbage game play to choose from if you’re bored with the standard version.

    20. Pinochle

    Pinochle is popular because it is a trick-taking game that you play with a 48 card deck. In Pinochle, you try to make melds or tricks, much like in Gin, but there’s a really complex scoring system making the game fun to learn and to master. To be good at pinochle, you have to play for a number of years, and lose plenty of hands. Though it is less popular year after year, Pinochle is one of those “heritage games”.

    State Lotteries: Just a Dollar and a Dream, But the Dreams Seem to Outweigh the Dollars

    You heard the slogan, “all it takes is a dollar and a dream”. Well, with the odds you’re about to see, it’ll take a lot more of your dollars before you, if ever, realize your dream.

    That’s the ad pitch that you see and hear for many state lotteries in the nation. The problem is that your dollars keep disappearing and your dreams are still in limbo. More than $70 billion is bet annually on lotteries in the United States, and that does not include money spent on scratch-off tickets at the super market!

    Most lottery games between states are similar, I’ll list the specifics for all the New York State games, because it’s the most profitable lottery in the nation.

    The varieties of games vary slightly between jurisdictions but they all have one thing in common: You pick numbers in hopes that your lucky numbers will be the ones drawn. Here are the specifics of the New York games:

    Take 5

    One dollar per game, offered daily. Pick 5 numbers from a field of 39. The odds of picking all 5 correctly is 1 in 575,757. Prize amounts vary. Pick all 5 you could win about $60,000. 4 of 5 around $400, 3 of 5, 20 bucks, 2 of 5 gets you a free play.

    Pick 10

    One dollar per game, offered daily. Pick 10 of 80 numbers. The odds of hitting all 10 are 1 in 8,911,711. First prize, $500,000. 9 of 10 nets you $6,000, 8 of 10 collect $300, $40 for 7 numbers, and $10 for 6 numbers. If none of your numbers show up, win $4.

    Lotto

    Play two games for one dollar on Wednesdays and Saturdays. Pick 6 of 59 numbers. The jackpot varies depending on the number of players. If more than one player hits all 6, the 1st place prize of $ millions will be divided equally among the winners. A bonus number is also drawn which will pay a hefty sum to anyone that picks 5 correct numbers plus the bonus number. Smaller prize amounts are awarded to players for hitting 5, 4, and 3 numbers. Your chances of hitting the big one is 1 in 45,057,474.

    Mega Millions

    A multi-state lottery played on Tuesdays and Fridays costing two dollars per game. Pick 5 numbers from 1 to 75 and 1 (Mega Ball) from numbers 1 to 15. The top prize varies and can reach into the hundreds of millions. So, what are the odds? 1 in 258,890,850, but you can win a buck if you picked the MB and none of your other numbers were drawn.

    Power Ball

    Another multi-state lottery played on Wednesdays and Saturdays for two dollars per game. Pick 5 numbers from 1 to 59 and 1 Power Ball from numbers 1 to 35. Jackpots can also top hundreds of millions. The odds of taking home the big one is I in 175,223,510. There is also a Power Play option for an extra dollar for which you can win two million if you hit 5 numbers without hitting the PB, but you can win $4 if you select the PB and none of your other numbers come in.

    Cash 4 Life

    This NY game is played on Mondays and Thursdays at two dollars per game. Pick 5 numbers from 1 to 60 and 1 Cash Ball from numbers 1 to 4. Hit the jackpot and win or share $1,000 a day for life. The odds? 1 in 21,846,048. Hit 5 of 5 with no CB and collect $1,000 a week for life. The odds? 1 in 7,282,016. Win $2,500 for 4 of 5 plus the CB. The smallest prize is $2 for 1 number plus the CB.

    Two items worth noting, you can select a quick pick if you don’t feel like choosing your lucky numbers, however you’re relying on an apparatus to pick your numbers twice to win. Also, pick at least one number over 31 so you have a lesser chance of sharing your prize as many people pick birthdays, anniversaries, etc.

    Good Luck!

    What Is a Game?

    We probably all have a pretty good intuitive notion of what a game is. The general term “game” encompasses board games like chess and Monopoly, card games like poker and blackjack, casino games like roulette and slot machines, military war games, computer games, various kinds of play among children, and the list goes on. In academia we sometimes speak of game theory, in which multiple agents select strategies and tactics in order to maximize their gains within the framework of a well-defined set of game rules. When used in the context of console or computer-based entertainment, the word “game” usually conjures images of a three-dimensional virtual world featuring a humanoid, animal or vehicle as the main character under player control. (Or for the old geezers among us, perhaps it brings to mind images of two-dimensional classics like Pong, Pac-Man, or Donkey Kong.) In his excellent book, A Theory of Fun for Game Design, Raph Koster defines a game to be an interactive experience that provides the player with an increasingly challenging sequence of patterns which he or she learns and eventually masters. Koster’s asser-tion is that the activities of learning and mastering are at the heart of what we call “fun,” just as a joke becomes funny at the moment we “get it” by recognizing the pattern.

    Video Games as Soft Real-Time Simulations

    Most two- and three-dimensional video games are examples of what computer scientists would call soft real-time interactive agent-based computer simulations. Let’s break this phrase down in order to better understand what it means. In most video games, some subset of the real world -or an imaginary world- is modeled mathematically so that it can be manipulated by a computer. The model is an approximation to and a simplification of reality (even if it’s an imaginary reality), because it is clearly impractical to include every detail down to the level of atoms or quarks. Hence, the mathematical model is a simulation of the real or imagined game world. Approximation and simplification are two of the game developer’s most powerful tools. When used skillfully, even a greatly simplified model can sometimes be almost indistinguishable from reality and a lot more fun.

    An agent-based simulation is one in which a number of distinct entities known as “agents” interact. This fits the description of most three-dimensional computer games very well, where the agents are vehicles, characters, fireballs, power dots and so on. Given the agent-based nature of most games, it should come as no surprise that most games nowadays are implemented in an object-oriented, or at least loosely object-based, programming language.

    All interactive video games are temporal simulations, meaning that the vir- tual game world model is dynamic-the state of the game world changes over time as the game’s events and story unfold. A video game must also respond to unpredictable inputs from its human player(s)-thus interactive temporal simulations. Finally, most video games present their stories and respond to player input in real time, making them interactive real-time simulations.

    One notable exception is in the category of turn-based games like computerized chess or non-real-time strategy games. But even these types of games usually provide the user with some form of real-time graphical user interface.

    What Is a Game Engine?

    The term “game engine” arose in the mid-1990s in reference to first-person shooter (FPS) games like the insanely popular Doom by id Software. Doom was architected with a reasonably well-defined separation between its core software components (such as the three-dimensional graphics rendering system, the collision detection system or the audio system) and the art assets, game worlds and rules of play that comprised the player’s gaming experience. The value of this separation became evident as developers began licensing games and retooling them into new products by creating new art, world layouts, weapons, characters, vehicles and game rules with only minimal changes to the “engine” software. This marked the birth of the “mod community”-a group of individual gamers and small independent studios that built new games by modifying existing games, using free toolkits pro- vided by the original developers. Towards the end of the 1990s, some games like Quake III Arena and Unreal were designed with reuse and “modding” in mind. Engines were made highly customizable via scripting languages like id’s Quake C, and engine licensing began to be a viable secondary revenue stream for the developers who created them. Today, game developers can license a game engine and reuse significant portions of its key software components in order to build games. While this practice still involves considerable investment in custom software engineering, it can be much more economical than developing all of the core engine components in-house. The line between a game and its engine is often blurry.

    Some engines make a reasonably clear distinction, while others make almost no attempt to separate the two. In one game, the rendering code might “know” specifi-cally how to draw an orc. In another game, the rendering engine might provide general-purpose material and shading facilities, and “orc-ness” might be defined entirely in data. No studio makes a perfectly clear separation between the game and the engine, which is understandable considering that the definitions of these two components often shift as the game’s design solidifies.

    Arguably a data-driven architecture is what differentiates a game engine from a piece of software that is a game but not an engine. When a game contains hard-coded logic or game rules, or employs special-case code to render specific types of game objects, it becomes difficult or impossible to reuse that software to make a different game. We should probably reserve the term “game engine” for software that is extensible and can be used as the foundation for many different games without major modification.

    Clearly this is not a black-and-white distinction. We can think of a gamut of reusability onto which every engine falls. One would think that a game engine could be something akin to Apple QuickTime or Microsoft Windows Media Player-a general-purpose piece of software capable of playing virtually any game content imaginable. However, this ideal has not yet been achieved (and may never be). Most game engines are carefully crafted and fine-tuned to run a particular game on a particular hardware platform. And even the most general-purpose multiplatform engines are really only suitable for building games in one particular genre, such as first-person shooters or racing games. It’s safe to say that the more general-purpose a game engine or middleware component is, the less optimal it is for running a particular game on a particular platform.

    This phenomenon occurs because designing any efficient piece of software invariably entails making trade-offs, and those trade-offs are based on assumptions about how the software will be used and/or about the target hardware on which it will run. For example, a rendering engine that was designed to handle intimate indoor environments probably won’t be very good at rendering vast outdoor environments. The indoor engine might use a binary space partitioning (BSP) tree or portal system to ensure that no geometry is drawn that is being occluded by walls or objects that are closer to the camera. The outdoor engine, on the other hand, might use a less-exact occlusion mechanism, or none at all, but it probably makes aggressive use of level-of-detail (LOD) techniques to ensure that distant objects are rendered with a minimum number of triangles, while using high-resolution triangle meshes for geome-try that is close to the camera.

    The advent of ever-faster computer hardware and specialized graphics cards, along with ever-more-efficient rendering algorithms and data structures, is beginning to soften the differences between the graphics engines of different genres. It is now possible to use a first-person shooter engine to build a real-time strategy game, for example. However, the trade-off between generality and optimality still exists. A game can always be made more impressive by fine-tuning the engine to the specific requirements and constraints of a particular game and/or hardware platform.

    Engine Differences Across Genres

    Game engines are typically somewhat genre specific. An engine designed for a two-person fighting game in a boxing ring will be very different from a massively multiplayer online game (MMOG) engine or a first-person shooter (FPS) engine or a real-time strategy (RTS) engine. However, there is also a great deal of overlap-all 3D games, regardless of genre, require some form of low-level user input from the joypad, keyboard and/or mouse, some form of 3D mesh rendering, some form of heads-up display (HUD) including text rendering in a variety of fonts, a powerful audio system, and the list goes on. So while the Unreal Engine, for example, was designed for first-person shooter games, it has been used successfully to construct games in a number of other genres as well, including simulator games, like Farming Simulator 15 ( FS 15 mods ) and the wildly popular third-person shooter franchise Gears of War by Epic Games and the smash hits Batman: Arkham Asylum and Batman: Arkham City by Rocksteady Studios.

    Tips for Throwing a Casino Royale Theme Party

    Recreate the glamour and excitement of a James Bond movie by hosting a Casino Royale casino theme party. This article lists the steps you should follow for a unique party experience that your guests will always remember.

    Glamour Theme or Fancy Dress?

    A Casino Royale theme party can either be a formal occasion, or a more casual fancy dress party.

    The formal option involves guests being dressed in tuxedos and evening gowns, and should be set in a venue equally as glamorous. This is a party with class! Guests are made to feel like they have entered an exclusive European Casino where they are the rich and famous, and money is no object. Don’t forget to have waiters offering champagne and canapés to enhance the experience!

    If your budget doesn’t stretch to the formal version, you can always host a Casino Royale party with a twist by making it a fancy dress. Ask guests to dress up as characters from any James Bond adventure. Ideas for women include Miss Mata Bond, May Day, Pussy Galore, Vespa Lynd, Rosa Klebb, Jinx, or more generic characters such as a Decoding Room girl or Russian Henchwoman. You don’t want all the men to come as James Bond of course, so offer suggestions such as Odd Job, Doctor No, Baron Samedi, Jaws, and Emilio Largo.

    If you want a combination of these two ideas, you could opt for an op-shop or vintage formal fancy dress. This is a more tongue-in-cheek glamour that allows guests to perhaps recreate some of the 1960’s style formalwear from the Bond movies.

    Whatever dress option you choose, make sure you make it clear on the invitation so that all guests join in on the fun!

    Invitations for a Casino Royale party

    Invitations for a Casino Royale theme party can be a fun DIY project, or can be purchased through specialist invitation designers. You may want to try a design using the iconic 007 gun barrel image as a background, or embellish a plain invitation with recreations of the Casino Royale movie title, or the 007 logo.

    Another design option would be to recreate the look and feel of the 1960’s Casino Royale book cover. This would be especially effective for a vintage formal Casino Royale fancy dress.

    Shaken, Not Stirred

    Catering for a Casino Royale theme party should focus on canapés. Bite-sized finger foods are easier for guests to handle when they are standing around Casino tables, unless you are serving a sit down meal before the gaming begins.

    Drinks should obviously include a “shaken, not stirred” Martini, and champagne shouldn’t be forgotten. For some extra fun, use your imagination and create a cocktail list of drinks with James Bond style names.

    Casino Royale Casino Games

    Baccarat was James Bond’s favourite casino game in the Ian Fleming novels, but with the growing popularity of Texas Hold ‘Em in the early 2000’s, the latest Casino Royale adaptation featured James Bond playing Poker. Either game is great for a Casino Royale theme party, but guests will also enjoy the traditional Casino favourites – Blackjack and Roulette.

    There are companies which provide Casino tables and Croupiers for party hire. Of course you will be limited to those who operate in your area, but in making the decision on which company to hire, be sure to check that you are getting the best service available. Choose the company which provides the most realistic looking tables and equipment. Don’t settle for felt layouts which are thrown over trestle tables – this is hardly Casino Royale style! Chips and cards should look good and be in good repair, and the Roulette wheel (if you hire one), should be the full Casino size of 32″ in diameter. Anything less will look like a toy and will detract from your guests’ Casino experience.

    Just as importantly, ensure that the Croupiers employed for your party are fully experienced and have excellent customer service and entertainment skills. Testimonials from previous customers will give a good indication of this. If the testimonials mention names, then ask specifically for those staff to attend your party. The equipment can look great, but at the end of the day, it is the Croupiers who will be assisting and entertaining your guests, so you want the best available!

    Is Blackjack a Game of Skill or Luck?

    Gambling is associated with luck. Everybody knows that when you are in the casino – whether a land based or a casino online you cannot win if you don’t have luck. There is no doubt that this belief is 100% true when it comes to casino games like slot machines, where all you do is push a button to trigger the game and you don’t have any real impact on the results.

    But is it also true when it comes to card games like Poker or Blackjack, where your decisions have an impact on the result of the game and at least some thinking and strategy is involved in it?

    There seems to be no real answer to this question. When playing Blackjack you have to decide when to take another card (HIT), when to stay with your cards (STAND), when to double your bet and other choices, offered to players in the game.

    Your choices have a real impact on your chances to win. The Blackjack strategy chart offers players a list of the best choices in the games – choices that are supposed to increase their chances to win. But even when making the best, most accurate choices in the game – a huge part of winning still involves luck. You can make the best choice, but if the dealer has a better luck then you – you will lose. You can also make the worst decisions, but if lady luck is on your side you will win.

    Think about a player that has 2 face cards, which give him a total value of 20. This is, no doubt, a great hand. At this point the player will always be advised to STAND. Now, if the player decides to HIT, he is bound to exceed 21 and BUST. But if he is a really lucky man he will receive an Ace and score a total value of 21 – the best hand in Blackjack.

    Now, think about a player that makes the advisable, most sensible decision – he decides to STAND. If he is an unlucky man – the dealer will receive a 21 thus winning the round. That’s how luck impacts the game.

    Cards counting is the one thing about Blackjack that laughs at luck in the face – if you know how to count cards you can probably win whether you are in luck or not. The only unlucky thing that can happen to you when counting cards in a casino is to get caught. But don’t forget that counting cards is not an easy task and cannot be done when you play Blackjack online.